What is the purpose of SDG 6: Clean Water and Sanitation?
Ensuring universal access to safe, clean water and sanitation, and affordable drinking water for all by 2030. Additionally, the goal aims to improve water quality by reducing pollution and eliminating dumping. It also tackles the minimising of the release of hazardous chemicals and materials. Moreover, it addresses increasing recycling and safe reuse which may result in halving the proportion of untreated wastewater. The goal addresses restoring all ecosystems relating to achieving clean water by 2020.
SDG 6 aims to encourage and support local communities to develop and improve water and sanitation management systems. The local governments should establish operational policies for local communities to be able to participate in these projects.
Reasons to work with SDG 6:
More than 40 per cent of people around the world are currently affected by clean water and sanitation scarcity. This number will only grow as a result of climate change. Moreover, water scarcity could displace 700 million people by 2030. This, in turn, will lead to massive migrations and economic issue.
Achieving SDG 6 would help to achieve another goal – SDG 3: Good Health and Well-being. According to the UN, 3 billion people worldwide lack basic handwashing facilities at home. It is the most effective method for prevention of spreading of multiple diseases.
How is 2030 Builders addressing SDG 6:
Investing in infrastructure and sanitation facilities is crucial for obtaining this goal. Additionally, ensuring our existing water ecosystems such as forests, mountains, wetlands, and rivers are clean is crucial. Only this way we can ensure clean and healthy drinking water for the coming generations.
Eliminating the release of hazardous chemicals and materials, and treating at least twice as much wastewater as today, is a crucial factor. This requires more investment in the development of local infrastructure.
Expanding international cooperation and capacity-building support to developing countries in water- and sanitation-related activities are necessary.
How are companies working with SDG6:
The Toilet Board Coalition – Collaborating on sanitation
A global, business-led coalition of leading companies, investors, sanitation experts, and non-profit organizations cooperating to provide market-based solutions that deliver sanitation, to those who need it most. Each year, 4-6 initiatives are selected for a 6-12 month program with access to mentors from across the Toilet Board Coalition.
(Source: SDG industry matrix – Food, Beverage and Consumer Goods)
Eli Lilly – Limiting water use in pharmaceuticals:
This pharmaceutical company introduced a number of initiatives to reduce water consumption. In 2014, based on an environmental assessment of production methods, Eli Lilly launched a streamlined process for manufacturing the pharmaceutical ingredient in its insulin product in Indianapolis. Consequently, it reduced purified water-use production, without increasing per unit solvent and urea waste volumes. After that, in 2015, Eli Lilly implemented a similar conversion at its plant in Puerto Rico, further reducing Eli Lilly’s global environmental footprint.
(Source: SDG industry matrix – Industrial Manufacturing)